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What is gastric reflux?

gastric reflux

gastric reflux

What is gastric reflux?

Most of us have experienced gastric reflux or heartburn at least once in our lifetime.

What is gastric reflux?

Gastric reflux (slang) is the second most common gastrointestinal disease. This condition is known as gastric acidity. Gastric reflux occurs when the contents of the stomach (stomach juice containing acid) return to the esophagus. Gastric reflux usually causes heartburn. This sensation travels from the stomach into the chest or throat, commonly known as heartburn.

How does gastric reflux occur?

The food we eat enters the stomach through the esophagus. Digestion of food in the stomach is initiated by stomach acid and juice. The stomach wall is resistant to constant contact with stomach acid and juice and their destructive effects due to its proper coverage. On the contrary, the esophageal wall does not have a proper defense against these factors due to a lack of proper cover.

Normally, there is a valve called the esophageal valve between the esophagus and the stomach that allows food to enter the stomach from the esophagus. But it prevents food and gastric juice from returning to the esophagus.

gastric acidity

gastric acidity

How does gastric reflux occur?

If the esophageal valve does not do its job properly, that is, it does not close properly or open prematurely, acid and gastric juice return to the esophagus. As mentioned earlier, the esophageal wall is vulnerable to acid and gastric juice. Therefore, in the event that the esophageal valve does not do its job properly; the Return of stomach acid and juice into the esophagus irritates the esophagus.

Gastrointestinal reflux can be very annoying and you should consult your doctor to eliminate it. You can contact your doctor as soon as possible to get rid of this disease by getting a free consultation at IHT and solve the problem.

gastric reflux

gastric reflux

Symptoms of gastric reflux 

Some common symptoms among people with gastroesophageal reflux disease:

  • Sour; it means the feeling of bitter or sour liquid returning from the stomach to the mouth
  • Feeling of burning in the chest (heartburn). Usually after eating; It may be worse at night
  • Chest pain
  • Difficult swallowing
  • Feeling a lump in the throat

    acid reflux symptoms

    acid reflux symptoms

Some patients with GERD may have other symptoms. These symptoms include:

  • Pain under the sternum
  • Stuck food
  • Nausea or vomiting (especially in the morning)
  • Frequent sore throat and burping
  • Excessive salivation in the mouth and frequent coughs for no reason
  • Bitterness in the mouth and return of water and food from the stomach to the mouth
  • Bad Breath
  • Respiratory problems

What causes gastric reflux?

The cause of reflux is still unclear. But we know very well that some factors cause and exacerbate reflux. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (SAD) occurs in people of all ages, and sometimes for unknown reasons.

What to do if the stomach continues to be sour?

There are several causes of this discomfort. The most important reason for this condition is that some of the esophageal muscles (lower esophageal sphincter) are loose or that these muscles are often relaxed or that the defense mechanisms of the end of the esophagus are weak. In fact, permanent or unstable changes in the esophageal valve to the stomach cause this disease.

Gastric reflux is more common in whom?
  • People who are overweight or obese. Due to the increased pressure on the abdomen and esophageal inlet valve to the stomach
  • Pregnant women; Due to increased pressure on the abdomen
  • Taking certain medications; some asthma medications include calcium channel blockers, antihistamines, sedatives, and antidepressants.
  • Smoking
  • Consumption of certain foods; Especially carbonated drinks, coffee, and chocolate

our friendly recommendation: for diagnosing your gastric reflux and treating your disease we are proudly ready to host you and your family in Iran with high-quality services and most affordable prices.

author: Maryam Shiani

SEO editor: Samane Nobakhti

 

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