- alcohol consumption
- Obesity or weight gain
- Eating Disorders
- Vegetarian diet
- too much Exercise
- lack of exercise
- Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Chlamydia disease Other sexually transmitted diseases can also cause infertility.
- Contact with some chemicals
- Mental stress
Ovulation induction involves taking medication to induce ovulation by encouraging eggs to develop in the ovaries and be released to increase the chance of conception through timed intercourse or artificial insemination. The most common causes of failure to ovulate are stress, weight variation and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS).
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment that places sperm inside a woman's uterus to facilitate fertilization. In IUI we want to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the chance of fertilization.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complex series of procedures used to treat fertility or genetic issues and assist in the conception of a baby. During IVF, mature eggs are collected from your ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a laboratory. Then the embryo or eggs are put into your womb. IVF takes about 14 days. IVF is the most effective form of assisted reproductive technology. The procedure can be carried out using your own eggs and your partner's sperm. IVF may involve eggs, sperm or fetus from a donor. In some cases, a woman who has an embryo implanted in her uterus may be used. If more than one embryo is implanted in your womb, IVF can cause a pregnancy with more than one fetus (multiple pregnancies).
Sometimes the sperm cannot penetrate the outer layer of the egg, for a variety of reasons. The egg’s outer layer may be thick or hard to penetrate or the sperm may be unable to swim. Fortunately, a procedure called intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) can be done along with in vitro fertilization (IVF) to help fertilize the egg.
Infertile women aged over 35 years experience failure of the zona pellucid to rupture is believed to be associated with a decreased implantation rate in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Assisted hatching is a technology that helps embryos to attach to the womb of the woman. Pregnancy occurs just if the human embryo hatches. different relevant researches revealed that women who have undergone repeated IVF treats without results, double their opportunity of pregnancy by use of assisted laser hatching.
PRP can suppress the development of new tissue, making the lining of the womb grow thicker in women with thin uterine linings. Many doctors believe that PRP can improve the success rate of IVF treatments. Specialists say that the failure of IVF treatments isn't caused by the embryo, but is caused by the uterus.
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is a procedure used prior to implantation to help recognize genetic lacks inside embryos. This is helpful to prevent sure genetic diseases from being passed on to the baby. Once PGD has identified fetus free of genetic illness, the embryo(s) will be placed in the wombs (usually by an IVF procedure), and the wait for implantation and a positive pregnancy test begins. Any additional fetuses that are free of genetic problems are kept frozen for possible later use while fetuses with the problematic gene(s) are destroyed.
There are only 2 proven techniques that may affect the gender of babies. The sperm-sorting (including the procedure Microsort) and IVF with the use of PGD. Success rates for this type of procedure can vary from 78-85% in a couple seeking a boy, and 73-75% in a couple seeking a girl.
Due to women age, their egg quality and the amount decrease. Women under 35 using their own eggs for IVF have about a 40% possibility of having a baby, but women over 42 have 4.5% chances. Although, using donor eggs changes the picture entirely: the chances of having a baby through IVF increases to 49.6% when fresh donor eggs are used, for women of any pregnancy age.
Embryo donation is when another couple’s fetus is implanted in your womb within IVF. This is an option if you and your partner need both egg and sperm donation, or if you’re not married and cannot use your own eggs.
treatment for men who have no sperm in their ejaculate. A procedure in which sperm cells are removed and either used right away to fertilize eggs or frozen for future infertility cure. The tissue is removed from the testicle through a small cut and looked at under a microscope in the lab to find sperm. Testicular sperm extraction might be useful for men who are going to have a baby after having a treatment that may cause infertility, such as certain cancer cure.
This is a procedure that sperm are removed directly from the testicular tissue of a man’s reproductive system. If a man cannot release healthy sperms naturally, this medical procedure might be recommended for fertility reasons.