Ear Surgery:

Otoplasty or ear cosmetic surgery is a technique in which the size and form of the pinna (external ear) are changed. The outcomes of the cosmetic surgery for changing the form or deformities of the pinna are largely dependent on the desired changes. However, these methods generally increase the self-confidence and correct and fix the big ear problem, especially in children and adolescents. There are many people who suffer from some congenital disorders due to some genetic mutations. Some of these disorders may affect the appearance of the individual, including the ears.
Otoplasty can treat and eliminate many of these disorders, which results will also appear in the shortest possible time. Some types of ear disorders are as follows:
  • Cagot ear: The individual has no auricles
  • Cat’s ear: The ears edges are bending forward like a cat's ears
  • Lop or cup ear: The ears, like a cup, are strongly bent forward
  • Ivy ear: The ears are shaped in form of a pipe forward like an ivy
  • Wildermuth's ear: The upper arch of the ear is inverted and tilted towards the skull
  • Stahl's ear: Unusual ear folding gives a pointed shape to the ear edge
  • Cleft Ear: There is a dent in the edge of the pinna
  • Cosman (question mark) ear: The ear is similar to a question mark and the outer arch and the auricle are separate from each other
  • Microtia: The ears are very small and not grown
  • Macrotia: The ears are abnormally large
  • Folding ear: The absence of a part of the skin and cartilage of the back of the ear
  • Hidden ear: The upper edge of the ear is hidden below a wrinkle of the skull skin
This surgery is performed with local anesthesia or general anesthesia. This will be discussed with the patient before the operation. The surgical cuts are made based on the actions that are supposed to be done on the ears. The methodology used is entirely dependent to the surgeon since he has reviewed all the surgical factors prior to the surgery. However, in this surgery, the incisions are usually done in the back of the ear; if any incision is required in the front of the ear, it will be in the ear folds to be hidden after the surgery. After separating the skin from the cartilage below, the surgeon has access to the ear’s cartilages and can take the necessary measures on the ear. If the abnormalities of the ear are in the amount and thickness of the cartilages, the surgeon will remove some of them as much as necessary to correct the ear to a normal state. If there is no need to remove cartilage or extra skin, with the permanent stitches, the surgeon turns the cartilage form to a normal state and eliminates the prominence in the front view. The ear pain resulting from the ear surgery is usually controlled with painkillers.

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