Veneer FAQ
March 14, 2020
chronic kidney disease
Kidney transplant Part 2
March 18, 2020

Symptoms of kidney transplant rejection:

– The decrease in urine or interruption of 24-hour urine flow

– Increased ankle swelling

– Pain in the transplanted area

– Fever

– Feeling sick

– Increased blood pressure and weight gain over 2 kg per week

– Increased blood creatinine level

– Redness and stiffness in the transplantation area

How many years does a transplanted kidney work?

95% of kidneys work well within a year. Within 10 years, this percentage of performance is up to 85% due to the phenomenon of rejection, which in most transplant is a threat. A small number, about 2% to 3% of patients, especially diabetic patients, suffer from clots due to fat in the arterial wall, but this type of kidney transplant failure is more technical in nature.

Preoperative Kidney Transplant Procedures:

The kidneys of the transplant recipient will not be removed if possible, but in certain circumstances, the kidneys will need to be removed before the kidney transplant surgery, including:

  • High blood pressure, which is difficult to control, is due to the high secretion of renin from the affected kidneys.
  • Active and bilateral kidney infection
  • Primary and Bilateral Kidney Cancer; Primary cancer means that the primary origin of cancer was in the kidneys and the cancer had not spread to the kidneys from elsewhere in the body.
  • Infectious Kidney stone disease
  • Polycystic kidneys (congenital kidney disease in which the kidneys lack sufficient normal kidney tissue)
  • Tuberculosis Kidney Disease (due to the difficult control of medical therapy for removing TB from the body)

The patient needs to pay close attention to the doctor’s explanation of the steps that will be taken to achieve the expected results of a kidney transplant

Kidney transplant post-care

After surgery, the recipient of the kidney (the patient) is given immunosuppressive drugs to prevent the transplant from being rejected, and because the immune system becomes weak and susceptible to a variety of infections and diseases, the patient should be regularly visited by a physician.

Also patient should follow all the health tips in order to prevent getting any disease, as having the disease can greatly affect the kidney transplant process.

Many patients get better appetite after a kidney transplant and unwittingly gain weight, so eat low-calorie foods. Drink plenty of liquids and consume less salt. Avoid ready-to-eat foods such as sausages, pizza and restaurant foods.

At least 6 to 8 weeks after surgery the kidney transplant patient should not lift heavy things or be physically active.

The patient should not lift things heavier than 9 kg for 2 to 3 months after surgery and should not lift an object heavier than 18 kg for at least 4 to 6 months after surgery.

Tighten belts are forbidden.

Washing your hands frequently is important to prevent possible infections.

Because of the increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight due to the use of transplanted drugs, it is best not to be exposed to direct sunlight and if you have to be exposed to the sun, you can wear a hat and be sure to wear sunscreen.

If the kidney recipient is a female, she should not become pregnant at least one year after her kidney transplant.

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Author:Maryam Shiani

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