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What is STD?

Most people care about their health but many do not know enough about STDs. Knowing about these diseases is important because knowing them will help prevent and treat them. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are types of illnesses that are transmitted to people through sexual intercourse (oral, anal or vaginal). Almost everyone is vulnerable to sexually transmitted diseases, and the lower the immunity of individuals, the more likely they are to develop these diseases. Using condoms can reduce the risk of STDs, but still there isn’t any completely safe way to prevent these diseases.
STDs usually do not have specific symptoms. As a result, anyone can pass it on to their spouse without being aware of the illness. Therefore, during sexual intercourse it is necessary to use suitable protective equipment such as condoms.
You also need to visit your doctor regularly for clinical examinations to identify and treat the disease before transferring it to a sexual partner.


A) Curable sexually transmitted diseases


1-Gonorrhea
Method of transmission: Through oral, vaginal, anal intercourse as well as through the mother-infant during pregnancy.
signs: For Men: Yellow and thick penile discharge, burning sensation when urinating For women: Increased vaginal discharge, burning on urination, and irregular menstrual bleeding
Treatment: Antibiotics


2-Syphilis
Method of transmission: oral, vaginal, anal, or by touching infectious parts Symptoms: 2 to 4 weeks after infection, severe ulceration and analgesia appear in the infected area.
Treatment: Penicillin

3-Chlamydia
Method of transmission: Oral, vaginal, anal
signs: In men: Feeling pain when urinating, penile discharge and sore throat if oral . In women: Urinary excretion with severe pain, vaginal discharge and sore throat if oral
Treatment: Antibiotics

Method of Transmission STD

B) Sexually transmitted diseases that can be controlled

1- Human Herpes Virus (HSV) Type I :
Method of transmission: Touching, kissing, or having sexual contact with virus-carrying areas such as pimples and scratches. Oral communication
Symptoms: Cold ulcers and very hot sores that appear on the lips, inside the oral cavity, throat, and in rare cases on the penis.
Treatment: Medications are prescribed for topical treatment, such as acyclovir or valaciclovir. Keep in mind that these treatments only stop or slow the growth of the disease, but the disease is not completely cured and will not disappear

2- Human Herpes Virus (HSV) Type II :
Method of transmission: Oral, vaginal or anal communication. this illness May be transmitted in oral communication
Symptoms: Painful red bumps around the penis, lower hip and thighs. Of course, these bumps can also occur in women in the vagina and womb. Urinary excretion associated with severe pain, fever, pain and swelling in breast and other glands are other symptoms of the disease.
Treatment: Medications prescribed by a physician such as Acyclovir, Famciclovir and Valacyclovir. Keep in mind that taking these medicines only halts the growth of the disease and is not a definitive cure for penile pimples.

std5
3- Hepatitis Virus A,B,C,D,E:
Transmission Method: Sexual intercourse, especially anal intercourse (or contact with infected stools), which is more related to type A, transfusions of infected blood (especially in type C, B). Symptoms: Symptoms of this disease are almost similar to influenza and in more severe cases are associated with fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, jaundice .
Treatment: Absolute rest, fluid intake and sometimes antibiotic use to prevent latent bacteria. hepatitis B vaccine has been developed, but it should be noted that vaccines only prevent the disease and are not considered a treatment.

4- Hepatitis Virus A,B,C,D,E:
Transmission Method: Sexual intercourse, especially anal intercourse (or contact with infected stools), which is more related to type A, transfusions of infected blood (especially in type C, B).
Symptoms: Symptoms of this disease are almost similar to influenza and in more severe cases are associated with fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, jaundice .
Treatment: Absolute rest, fluid intake and sometimes antibiotic use to prevent latent bacteria. hepatitis B vaccine has been developed, but it should be noted that vaccines only prevent the disease and are not considered a treatment.

5- Condylomata Acuminata (Genital Warts):
This disease occurs because of the human papillomavirus or HPV
Method of transmission: Through sex or contact with towels and contaminated clothing.
Signs : For men: Painful warts (usually resembling cauliflower) appear on the penis, scrotum ,groin ,thighs ,inside or around the anus foreskin, testicles and internal urethra. In women: These warts appear on the inside or outside of the vagina or anus ,on the cervix, and the uterus.
Treatment: Warts can be treated by freezing, burning and LASIK surgery. But there is no guarantee that they will not grow again.


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6- AIDS and HIV :
Method of transmission: Sexual intercourse, transfusion of infected blood, as well as transmission of the disease from the infected mother to the fetus during pregnancy, delivery or breast-feeding.
Symptoms: HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)has symptoms similar to mild influenza and may persist for years before AIDS(Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) becomes apparent.
Symptoms of AIDS also include fever, weight loss, excessive fatigue, diarrhea, and infections that in some cases lead to cancer and pneumonia.
Treatment: A mixture of antiviral drugs and those that stop the growth of diseased cells and other drugs.

2 Comments

  1. Like!! Thank you for publishing this awesome article.

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