multiple sclerosis (MS)
Multiple sclerosis (MS)
September 27, 2020
what is multiple sclerosis(ms)?
What is Multiple Sclerosis (MS)?
October 5, 2020
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MS diagnostic tests

ms diagnostic tests

ms diagnostic tests

MS diagnostic tests

In this article, we are going to talk about MS diagnostic tests, after finding out more about MS in the next few sentences or reading our previous article about Multiple Sclerosis (MS).

Multiple sclerosis affects the brain and spinal cord, which is caused by muscle weakness and cramping.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complication of the central nervous system.

This complication is one of the most debilitating neurological diseases among young adults.

MS  is most commonly diagnosed in people in their 20s and 40s.

It is one of the most common neurological diseases in human societies. Women are almost twice as likely as men to get MS.

Once a person with MS is diagnosed, he or she will have it for the rest of his or her life, however, specialized treatments and care can help patients cope with the symptoms of MS.

The cause of the disease is unknown and there is no definitive cure for it, but research is ongoing

multiple sclerosis (MS)

multiple sclerosis (MS)

Diagnostic tests:

 

There is no specific test to diagnose MS.

Finally, the diagnosis is based on the elimination and rejection of other diseases and conditions that cause similar symptoms.

Physicians usually will diagnose MS following the following tests:

 

  • Blood tests:

Blood tests help to remove and rule out some infections and inflammatory diseases with similar symptoms to MS.

 

  • Spinal fluid extraction (lumbar puncture):

In this procedure, a physician or nurse removes a small sample of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the person’s spinal canal by parasitic analysis.

This could indicate abnormal conditions associated with MS, such as abnormal levels of white blood cells or proteins.

It will also help prevent viral infections and other illnesses with similar neurological symptoms to MS.

 

  • MRI:

In this test, strong magnetic currents and radio waves are used to produce accurate images of the body’s organs.

MRI reveals injuries and nerve damage, indicating the loss of myelin from MS in the brain and spinal cord.

However, these types of injuries are also seen under other conditions, such as lupus or Lyme disease, so the presence of such lesions does not indicate a definite involvement of MS.

During MRI, the person lies on a stimulus table and enters a large tubular device that produces a loud sound similar to the sound of tap during a scan. Most tests take at least 1 hour.

Although this test is completely painless, it gives some people the feeling of “fear of being in a closed compartment”.

They also use injections of colored material into the vein to identify active lesions.

In this case, the doctor will be able to diagnose the disease in the active phase, even if no signs of the disease appear.

Newer MRI techniques provide more detail about nerve fiber damage, permanent myelin loss, or repair.

 

  • Stimulus tests:

This type of test measures the electrical signals sent by the brain in response to stimulation.

In this test, visual stimulation or electrical stimulation is used in such a way that short electrical currents are given to the person’s arm or legs.

multiple sclerosis (MS)

multiple sclerosis (MS)

Medication treatment

An occupational therapist or physiotherapist can teach you stretching and endurance movements, as well as how to use the tools and facilities that make everyday tasks easier as well as how and when the prescribed medications should be taken.

Plasmapheresis:

Blood donation which is similar to dialysis is this process, by taking blood and separating its plasma and re-injecting blood-forming elements.

They usually replace this method with fresh frozen plasma or albumin instead of the removed plasma.

The severe symptoms of MS and its recurrence have done by this treatment.

Especially in those patients who have not responded to the injected steroid.

we hope that you find this article helpful about MS diagnostic tests, please do not hesitate to contact us for more information and free consultation.

 

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