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Lupus is a chronic rheumatic disease that causes inflammation in various tissues of the body.

So this disease is seen in patients with different severity and has two types.

Systemic lupus erythematosus, abbreviated SLE, is a type of autoimmune disease that occurs when a patient’s immune system begins to attack a person’s own tissues and organs.

These attacks cause inflammation, swelling, and damage to various parts of the body such as joints, skin, kidneys, blood, heart, and lungs.

The symptoms of lupus are similar to those of some skin conditions, making it difficult to diagnose. And some people are born prone to the disease, and simple, common factors such as infections, taking certain medications, or even sunlight can trigger lupus.

Although there is no complete cure for lupus, there are treatments to control and reduce it.

lupus signs


Types of lupus:

Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (DLE) is a chronic skin condition that affects only a small percentage of people with SLE, and the rest is just skin problems.

Systemic lupus erythematosus: Lupus erythematosus (SLE), abbreviated to lupus, is an autoimmune disease.

The word “diffuse” means that the disease can affect parts of the body.

So “Erythematosus” means red, which is due to the red halo on the skin of the cheeks.

The body’s immune system naturally has antibodies that act against viruses and other foreign substances.

These foreign substances actually act as antigens and cause immune system disorders.

In fact, the immune system cannot differentiate between foreign matter and the body’s own cells and tissues, thus attacking its own tissue.

This process is the cause of inflammation, pain, and injury in various parts of the body.

Drug (Induced) is a disease with symptoms similar to lupus caused by taking certain medications and relieved by stopping the medication.

In this disease, antibodies have produced that act against the cells of the body instead of acting against the bacteria.

The result of the action of antibodies against the cells of the body is the production of immune complexes that cause damage to the tissues by circulating in the bloodstream and depositing in various tissues.

Although it is a multifactorial disease that can affect a variety of organs, most patients do not have severe forms of the disease.

The course of the disease is in the form of relapses and recovery.

Severe involvement of vital organs (kidneys, heart, lungs, brain) is rare and most patients will have a normal life.

Neonatal Lupus: A rare disease that affects infants with symptoms of skin, heart, and platelet depletion.

types of lupus


Symptoms of lupus in different types:

Signs and symptoms that may be a warning sign of recurrence of lupus.

  • Excessive fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Feeling of pain all over the body
  • Mild or severe fever
  • Persistent anorexia
  • Unwanted weight loss
  • Increased hair loss
  • Frequent nosebleeds
  • Mouth sores so that they become irritated after eating spicy foods
  • Skin rashes
  • joint’s pain
  • Swelling of the joints
  • Joint fatigue when waking up
  • Chest pain with increased breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough with bloody sputum
  • Unusual and persistent headaches
  • Feeling nauseous and vomiting
  • Feeling of discomfort and pain in the abdomen constantly
  • Swelling of the legs constantly
  • Swelling of the eyelids
  • Blood is seen in urine
  • If the pt value rises, it is a hallmark of lupus
common symptoms of lupus

common symptoms


In conclusion, physicians prescribe corticosteroids for the treatment of acute lupus.

Prescribing an anti-malarial drug is effective. They use light protection creams.

Immunosuppressive drugs are used in cases resistant to corticosteroids.

The new injectable drug, called Benlysta, is also the first to be developed specifically for the treatment.


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Author: Maryam Shiani

SEO editor: Samane Nobakhti

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