How to donate bone marrow?
After registering for a donation, the individual performs an HLA test to determine its type which is used to match patients and donors.
Then their HLA variant is added to the donor database and a registry physician begins a search to try and find a patient-specific type for their patient.
In this way, the proteins in the blood cells will be compared to see if they are similar to the receptor protein. Contact the donor if the protein specified is present. The more the type of donor tissue resembles the type of patient, the better the likelihood of accepting the patient's transplant.
The following tests are performed on hematopoietic stem cell donors:
History and physical examination
Serum creatinine, electrolytes and liver function studies
Serological studies for cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes virus, HIV RNA, anti-HIV antibodies, hepatitis B and C viruses, human T-cell lymphotropic virus 1/2 (HTLV-I / II) and syphilis (VDRL). In autologous donation, CMV and VDRL testing is not required
ABO for blood type , HLA type , Chest radiography , Electrocardiography (ECG)
Test performed before bone marrow transplantation
Several tests are performed on patients prior to bone marrow transplantation to identify possible problems.
- Type of tissue and types of blood tests
- Chest radiography
- Pulmonary function tests
- CT or CAT scan
- Cardiac function testing including electrocardiogram and echocardiogram (ECG)
- Bone marrow biopsy
- Examine a person's skeleton
In addition, a complete dental exam prior to bone marrow transplantation is performed to reduce the risk of infection. Other precautions will be taken before transplantation to reduce the risk of patient infection.
The result of bone marrow transplantation
The result of the bone marrow transplant depends on:
- Type of Transplant
- How much the cells are genetically similar to that of the patient
- Patient’s condition and disease
- Patient age and general health
- Type and dose of chemotherapy or radiation therapy used before transplantation
- Having any side effects
Patients whose condition is stable or in recovery will have a more successful transplant compared to someone who has a subsequent transplant or relapses. Young people have a better chance of recovery when transplanted.
Unclear disease transplant have more favorable outcomes, if the donor is the identical twin, the survival rate will be from 70% to 90%, if the patient is not related to the donor, the survival rate will be 36% to 65%.
A bone marrow transplant may treat the disease completely or partially. If the transplant is successful, patients can return to their normal daily activities as soon as they are recovered. Complete recovery of a patient typically takes up to a year.
For more information on Bone Marrow Transplant and donating, check out: https://iht.health/