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breast examination by a doctor

breast examination by a doctor

Breast examination by a doctor

All women 25-40 years old should consider breast examination by a doctor or surgeon trained and experienced in breast diseases every 1-2 years.

The doctors are recommending a doctor’s examination if you have a risk factor for breast cancer such as:

  • a history of breast cancer in first-degree relatives
  • age of first delivery over 30 years
  • premature puberty
  • late menopause
  • severe obesity
  • etc

Do it once every 6 months.

The necessity of examination by a doctor

You and your doctor work together to fight breast disease. Your role is to have regular breast self-examinations and to inform your doctor of any changes.

The role of the doctor is to perform a thorough and thorough examination of the breasts after taking your history and medical history.

In the history section, you will be asked questions such as age, history of breast diseases, history of various cancers, menstrual status and pregnancy history, history of taking hormonal and non-hormonal drugs, which is very important for diagnosis and thorough examination.


The treating physician will usually provide guidance based on your history and examination.

Your doctor knows how and for how long breast changes will occur, so you should follow his advice and follow them thoroughly.

If you experience any suspicious or non-existent breast exams, consult your doctor immediately.

Consulting a doctor in such cases will reduce your anxiety and bring you appropriate and quick treatments.

How does the doctor perform the examination?


Examination by a doctor is similar to breast self-examination.

While you are sitting and lying down the doctor will perform the examination.

The breast surgeon examines the lymph nodes in the armpits and around the neck to make sure they are in good condition and examines the nipple to check for nipple discharge.

When the doctor examines your breasts, he or she will look at your breasts first, with your hands normally on either side.

The doctor will then ask you to raise your hands above your head and finally ask you to press your hands to either side of your back.

By observing the breasts in such cases, the doctor can often detect changes in the breasts.

Then you should lie on the bed and put your hands under your head so that the doctor can examine your breast.

Have a regular breast exam and see your doctor every once in a while


Finally, depending on your history and test results:

your doctor may order diagnostic tests such as mammograms, ultrasounds, needle biopsies, and even surgical biopsies of breast tissue.

If during the breast examination, the doctor notices the presence of a lump in the breast, he will focus his examinations more on that point and try to determine the size of the lump with his fingers.

After examining the breasts, the doctor usually examines the axillary lymph nodes and those in the lower part of the neck.

Remember that:

After the age of 20, women should learn about breast examinations (BSE), be aware of the normal condition of their breasts, and report any new changes to a specialist as soon as possible.

If you notice any changes, including:

  • a lump or swelling
  • itchy skin or spots on the breast
  • nipple pain or sagging
  • redness or scaling of the skin or nipple
  • or any discharge other than milk from the breast

you should make an accurate diagnosis.

See your medical counselor more quickly.

However, keep in mind that most breast changes are not cancerous, but caution is always needed.


After observing any of these cases during the breast examination, the person should refer to a specialist for a more accurate diagnosis.

An experienced professional can determine if the change is benign or malignant.

They will use other tests to make this diagnosis, and if they have the slightest chance of developing breast cancer.

They will do a biopsy of your breast tissue.


Undoubtedly, a physical examination of the breast without the use of mammography will leave some cancers ignored in the early stages.

The opposite is also true; Cancer may not be detected in the early stages by mammography but can be detected by a breast exam or physical examination by a doctor.

Hope to find this article useful about breast examination by a doctor.

Author: Maryam Shiani

SEO editor: Samane Nobakhti


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