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How to diagnose breast cancer

Early detection of breast cancer can prevent cancer from progressing and thus save a person’s life.

When the disease is diagnosed in the early stages, the treatment options are more extensive and the patient is more likely to recover.

 

Symptoms 

Most of the lumps that appear in the breast are usually not malignant, but the first sign of breast cancer (in both men and women) in the presence of a lump, which usually does not feel any pain.

Complications of cancer include:

  • Discharge of clear or bloody substance from the nipple
  • Nipple depression or any other change in the nipple
  • Change breast size
  • the skin of the breast changes
  • Redness or wrinkling of the breast skin
  • The appearance of a firm mass under the skin

Note that any change in the surface of the skin is not necessarily a sign of cancer because the skin of the breast changes completely during pregnancy or menstruation due to hormonal changes.

Diagnosis

 

mammography

mammography

Mammography:

The best way to diagnose breast cancer early is to use mammography.

This procedure is a radiograph of the breast that is a simple way to detect intangible breast cancers early.

 

self examination of breast

self-examination

Self-examination of the breast:

Every woman should have her breasts examined regularly after the age of 20.

Breast examination makes the woman know the breast tissues and if she sees a lump, she should refer to the breast surgeon as soon as possible for further measures.

The examination is one of the ways to detect breast cancer early.

 

breast examination

breast examination

Breast examination by a doctor:

If you have patients with breast cancer in your family or you think you are at risk for breast cancer, it is recommended that you be examined by a specialist at least once a year after the age of 40.

Any changes in breast tissue or changes or pain in the lymph nodes can be a sign of breast cancer.

 

MRI of breast

MRI of breast

MRI:

It is a diagnostic test that helps diagnose a cancerous mass in the breast.

Use of ultrasound waves: This method also helps diagnose breast cancer.

 

breast biopsy

breast biopsy

Biopsy:

It can be said that biopsy is the only method that conclusively proves the presence or absence of breast cancer.

 

 

 

 How to examine the breast in women

Women who have a breast exam are much more likely to be diagnosed with cancer early. Women can be aware of their condition from time to time by examining their breasts and notice changes.

The best time to examine the breasts is when the breasts are not tender or swollen.

Breast tissue changes can be examined by examining the breast

 

What are the benefits of a breast exam?

Women should be informed about the benefits of breast exams and the natural state of breasts at the age of 20.

Women need to know what their breasts are normally like so that they can detect changes in their breasts as quickly as possible.

At the same time, women need to know that any change in the breast does not mean that they have cancer.

In women who have a breast exam, most cancers are diagnosed in the early stages, when there is a good chance of successful treatment.

Women who have a breast exam are much more likely to be diagnosed with cancer early.

This means that there is a good chance that the cancerous gland is small and that instead of having the whole breast removed (mastectomy), breast cancer will be removed (lumpectomy).

A comparison between cancers diagnosed by screening (breast examination) and other breast cancers showed that about 7 out of 10 (70%) women who were diagnosed with breast cancer by breast examination with breast preservation This rate is 55% in women diagnosed outside of cancer screening.

Have a regular schedule for breast check-ups

Women can be aware of their condition from time to time by examining their breasts and notice changes.

But the doctors’ recommended method of breast examination is to follow a step-by-step technique based on a regular schedule for the permanent examination of all breast tissue.

If you also feel that a breast exam can help you live a healthier life, use it on a regular schedule (for example, once a season).

The best time for the breast examination

The best time to examine the breasts is when the breasts are not tender or swollen.

Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding or have had a breast implant can also have their breasts examined regularly.

It is best for women who have a breast exam to occasionally discuss their procedure with a specialist to make sure they are working properly.

Hope to find this article useful, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Author: Maryam shiani

SEO editor: Samane Nobakhti

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