Liver transplant usually takes between 6 to 12 hours. During the transplant, surgeons remove the patient’s liver and replace it with a donor liver. Since the liver transplantation is large and invasive procedure, surgeons must insert multiple tubes into the body. These tubes are essential to help the body perform specific functions during and several days after surgery.
Only certain patients receive the T-tube t, which remains in place for about 6 months. The tube does not cause any discomfort and does not interfere with daily activities.
Liver transplant complications
Liver transplant surgery has important complications. The risks associated with this procedure are:
Two major problems that occur after liver transplantation are rejection and infection.
The patient’s immune system tries to repel foreign bodies that invade the body. but the immune system cannot differentiate between transplanted liver and foreign invaders, such as viruses and bacteria. Therefore, the patient’s immune system may attempt to invade and destroy the new liver. About 64% of all patients receiving liver transplant have partial rejection, mostly during the first six weeks of transplantation. Anti-rejection drugs are given to the patient to ward off an immune attack.
Types of liver transplant rejection
After transplantation, three types of rejection may occur, including:
Symptoms of transplant rejection include encephalopathy, jaundice, bruising, and bleeding ,weakness, anorexia, muscle aches, low fever, a slight increase in white blood cell counts and tenderness in the area of operation were noted with pain.
Due to usage of antirejection (immunosuppressant) medications that block the immune system so that the liver is not rejected, the patient is at high risk for infections. This problem decreases with time. Not all patients have an infection problem and most infections can be treated successfully .
What are antirejection (immunosuppressant) medications?
After a liver transplant, you receive drugs called immunosuppressants. These drugs slow down or stop the immune system to prevent it from rejecting the new liver. The patients should use these drugs exactly as prescribed for the rest of their lives.
These immunosuppressants can include a variety of side effects:
Since antirejection medications work by suppressing the immune system, they also increase the risk of infection.
How long after a liver transplant, is the patient discharged?
The average hospital stay after a liver transplant is two to three weeks. Some patients may be discharged in less time, while others may stay in hospital longer, depending on the problems that may arise. The patient should be prepared for both possibilities.
The patients will be taught how to take new medicines and to check their blood pressure and pulse. By doing these things, the patients are involved in controlling their health. Before being discharged, the patients will learn the symptoms of rejection and infection, and will know when to contact their physician.
Readmission is common after discharge from hospital, especially during the first year after liver transplant; hospitalization is usually due to transplant rejection or infection.
Liver transplant cost
The cost of liver transplantation in the United States is estimated at about $ 580,000, In countries such as Turkey the cost of this operation is reported to be around $100,000, and in India about $ 50,000.
In Iran, however this procedure is done at a much lower cost about 17000-27000 $ Contact us for more information .
Author : Maryam Shiani