IRAN, with a long history in the heart of Iran's renowned plateau, lies in the western part of the vast continent of Asia in what is now known as the Middle East. Iran is in the north with Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and the Caspian Sea, in the south with the Persian Gulf, and in the Oman Sea, in the west with Iraq and Turkey and in the east with Pakistan and Afghanistan. Iran's ancient and historical artifacts date back more than four thousand years ago. Iran is a country with a cultural diversity that is made up of many linguistic and ethnic groups. Many Iranians speak Farsi, Azerbaijani, Turkish, Kurdish, Lori, Baluchi, Mazandarani, Gilaki, Talashi, Achami and Arabic, but the official language in Iran is Farsi. Iran, as a land and a nation, has a long history and is one of the most historic countries in the world. The interest in poetry and music flows in Iran. Each region of Iran has its own music and also, delicious Iranian dishes are popular with tourists, from barbecue to stew of vegetables and broth. Iran is one of the most unique countries in terms of the climate so that the temperature difference in winter between the warmest and coldest points can sometimes reach more than 2 degrees. In general, Iran is located in an area that is semi-arid and dry in terms of rainfall. It is a country where you can travel from cold and lush climate to warm and dry climate in only about an hour without having to spend a lot of money on your trip. Iran is the world's second-largest oil exporter and the second largest exporter of OPEC in terms of oil and natural gas resources. Iran’s second-largest export item is carpet. Iran ranks 10th in history and historical attractions and fifth in natural attractions in the world. Due to its historical background, geographical, ethnic and cultural diversity, Iran has a variety of attractions that can be enjoyed by any visitor with any taste, interest, age, and nationality. On top of that, Iran is the cheapest tourist destination in the world in terms of tourism cost; Therefore, Iran is the best place to visit.
the oldest country in the world, with a diverse climatic and desirable nature and a wealth of natural attraction, with affectionate and hospitable people with a different culture, A secure country that welcomes all the people of the world to become familiar with our culture and Using a variety of tourist and medical services and more. Iran has 23 historical and natural sights registered at UNESCO including:
📌 Choghazenbil in Khuzestan Province
One of the best historical places in Asia that we can introduce to you is Choghazenbil in The city of Shush in Khuzestan province holds one of the most important monuments of Iran, a place called Ziggurat Choghazenbil, which is also listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Ziggurat Choghazanbil is a symbol of Elamite art and architecture. This massive structure was built by Untashish, the great king of ancient Elam (around 6 BC), to worship the goddess Inshushinak, the guardian of Susa (ancient city). It was unfortunately destroyed during the Assyrian conflict and was buried underground for a long time until it was dug by a Frenchman named Roman Krishnan. Orientalists call Choghazenbil the first religious building in Iran.
📌 Takhte Jamshid in Fars Province
Takhte Jamshid, also known as Persepolis, is a mirror of ancient Iranian history and culture, which was built by Darius the Great in about 3 m BC, as one of the architectural masterpieces of his time. It is also one of the most spectacular places in Shiraz. Persepolis, in fact, is the culmination of the delicacy and creativity of Iranian artists in applying the cultures of various peoples such as Egyptians, Babylonians, Greeks, Medes, and Armenians who were under the control and command of the Achaemenids. Darius's purpose in building this was to build a unique capital in his empire and to do so, he chose the vast plain of Marvdasht. In the Achaemenid era, there was a residence for every season. Persepolis was the spring residence for Iranian national celebrations (Nowruz). After Darius the Great, his son Xerxes and his grandson Ardeshir I added magnificent buildings to the art collection. It was destroyed by Alexander the Great.
📌 Naghshe Jahan Square in Isfahan Province
Isfahan Jahan Square, or Imam Square of Isfahan, is one of Iran's most beautiful and historic squares, a rectangular field in downtown Isfahan. Naqsh-e Jahan Square was listed on the National Iranian Heritage List on February 6 and was one of the first Iranian works to become a UNESCO World Heritage Site in May. After the Islamic Revolution, the official name of Naqsh-e Jahan Square became the Imam Square. This square as a chain linking four unique historical monuments: Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Isfahan Imam Mosque, Qaysariyeh Mosque, and Isfahan's Kaisariyeh Bazaar and Qapu High Palace. In addition, two hundred two-story buildings are located around the square, which is generally the location of Isfahan handicrafts.
📌 Takht-e-Soleyman in West Azarbayjan Province
Takht Suleiman is located in West Azarbaijan province, 2 km northeast of the border town of Takab. This region is one of the most spectacular and lesser-known places and is the fourth UNESCO-registered work from Iran. It was the largest educational and social center of worship in Iran during the Sassanid period. Lake Solomon, the Azarbaybas Fire Temple, the Anahita Temple, Ivan Khosrow and the Columnar Hall are also here. The Fire Temple was highly respected and is one of the most famous parts of this complex. Bahram V set up the collection and it was flourished even more during the Khosrow Anushirvan period.
📌 Bam in Kerman Province
Bam is a city located in Kerman province in southeastern Iran. It is historically well-known for its agricultural and agricultural products (especially dates). The Bam Citadel is the world's largest adobe monument and it is compared to the Great Wall of China in terms of beauty and grandeur; however, unfortunately in the earthquake of January 2003, this magnificent building was seriously damaged.
📌 Pasargad in Fars Province
Pasargad is a collection of antiquities located in Shiraz as a memorial to the glorious Achaemenid era. A collection listed as the fifth Iranian work on the UNESCO World Heritage List in July 2011. Cyrus the Great, as the founder of the Achaemenid dynasty in 546 BC, built his new capital of powerful rule 130 kilometers north of present-day Shiraz called Pasargad. There is no trace of Pasargad except for the tomb of Cyrus, which is now three kilometers west of the Shiraz-Isfahan road. Archaeological excavations have concluded that in the construction of Pasargad, a mix of Anatolian, Mesopotamian, and Iranian architectures is skillfully integrated.
📌 Soltanieh Dome in Zanjan Province
Soltanieh dome, located in the city of Soltanieh in Zanjan province, is one of the masterpieces of Iranian architecture during the Ilkhanid period. The dome was built between the ages of 704 to 712 lunar, on the orders of the Mongol king Oljaytu, known as Sultan Muhammad Khodabandeh, with the authority and supervision of Khaje Rashid al-Din Fazlullah Hamadani. Soltanieh used to be the capital and residence of Iranian princes and is today the tomb of Sultan Mohammad Khodabandeh.
📌 Bisotun inscription in Kermanshah province
An ancient and valuable site, which houses the world record of the writings of Darius the Great and enjoys a pleasant stay by the sacred Mount of Bistoon. Bistoon Historical Site Despite numerous historical monuments such as Hercules Statue, Mehrdad II, Farhad stone craved, Bistoon bridge, Shah Abbasi Caravansary, Shahi Road, is one of the most important ancient archeological sites in Iran. The plain of Bistoon and its sacred mountain have long been important among the people. In addition, there are caves on Mount Bistoon that show signs of human presence since the Paleolithic.
📌 Collection of monastic of Armenians in West and East Azarbayjan Province
The complex consists of three Armenian Churches (St. Stephen's Church, St. Thaddeus Monastery and the Chapel of Dzordzor) located in the provinces of West Azerbaijan and East Azerbaijan. These churches were founded between the seventh and fourteenth centuries and have been rebuilt several times over the years. Iranian Armenian church complexes listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site on July 8, 2008.
📌 Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System in Khuzestan Province
They are an interconnected set of bridges, canyons, mills, waterfalls, canals, and huge water-conducting tunnels that work in conjunction with one another and were built in the Achaemenid to the Sassanid era for greater use of water. The itinerary of Madame Jean Diolafoa's famous French archaeologist described the site as the largest industrial complex before the Industrial Revolution.
📌 Tabriz Historical bazaar in East Azarbaijan Province
Tabriz Market is the largest and most important indoor market in the world located in Tabriz, Iran,covering an area of about one square kilometer. Tabriz Bazaar is listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in August 2010. The market is made up of numerous corridors, timeshares, and inns. Previously, the city and its market enjoyed great prosperity because of its location on the Silk Road intersection and the daily crossing of thousands of convoys from various Asian, African and European countries. This market was rebuilt about three centuries ago, after the historic Tabriz earthquake in 1193 AD by the ruler of Tabriz, Najafquli Khan Denbeli. Tabriz Bazaar was registered in the list of national monuments of Iran in 1974.
📌 Tomb of Sheikh Safiuddin Ardebili in Ardebil Province
Sheikh Safieddin Ardebili's Tomb is one of Ardebil's historic and ancient sites in northwestern Iran and one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites listed in Iran.In addition to the tomb of Sheikh Safieddin Ardebili, there are the tombs of King Ishmael I (the first king of the Safavids) and the mother of King Ishmael (daughter of Ozone Hassan Aq), and some of the elders and officials of the Safavid era and the Iranian martyrs of the Chaldaran war. Other parts of the complex include the Chinese house, the mosque, Janet Sara, the Khanqah, the chele khane and the lampstand.
📌 Golestan Palace in Tehran Province
Golestan Palace is the name of a collection of monuments located in the Arg of Tehran. The palace's buildings have been constructed and completed at various times. It is one of the most important monuments of the country in terms of architecture, tourist attraction and the value of artistic and historical artifacts, which has witnessed the presence of numerous domestic and foreign tourists throughout the year. Construction began on King Abbas's Safavid era and was completely changed by the time Karim Khan Zand was added to the court. In July 2013, UNESCO registered the palace on its World Heritage List.
📌 Iranian Garden in Fars, Mazandaran, Isfahan, Kerman, Yazd and Khorasan Provinces
There are gardens of particular architecture, including elements such as geometric structure, water and trees, and middle buildings that are mostly built on the Iranian plateau and surrounding areas. Three unique structures and designs distinguish the Iranian garden from other gardens:
- • It is located in the path of water passage.
- • It is enclosed by high walls.
- • The summer mansion and the water pool can be seen.
📌 Jameh Mosque in Isfahan Province
Friday Mosque or Isfahan Jameh Mosque is one of the most important and oldest religious buildings in Iran. Today's mosque contains various sections that each represent the development of architectural art in the post-Islamic era. The oldest monument in Isfahan should be considered the Friday Mosque or Isfahan Jame Mosque. The current structure of the mosque is mainly related to the Seljuk period, but its repairs and extensions are related to later periods, especially the Safavid era. However, archaeological excavations date back to Albuquerque and the third century AH. In these excavations, pre-Islamic works have also been discovered. The various sections of the Isfahan Mosque, which have been added to the World Heritage List at the last meeting of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, have been around for nearly 2,000 years and have been undergoing renovation during these years.
📌 Gonbade Qaboos Tower in Golestan Province
Qaboos Gonbad Tower is a 4th century AH monument located in the city of Gonbad Kavous, north of Iran in Golestan province. Architectural style is a secret style.It is considered to be the tallest all-brick tower in the world, located on a hilltop. The tallest building with its base is 72 meters. The building was built in the year 375 AH, during the reign of Kavus bin Weimar and in the city of Gonbad kavus, the capital of the kings of Al Ziyar. The building was registered at the UNESCO Thirty-sixth World Heritage Conference.
📌 Burnt City in Sistan and Baluchistan Province
Burnt City is the name of the remains of an ancient city in Iran, located 2 kilometers south of Zabul on the outskirts of Zabul-Zahedan Road in Sistan-Baluchestan Province. This archaeological site is the seventeenth historical monument of Iran in the UNESCO list, which, whit its 5000 year-history, is now recognized as one of the most advanced ancient cities in the world. ccording to archaeological findings, the burned city is 280 hectares, and its remains show that it has five main sections, including a residential district northeast of the burned city; central part; industrial area; monuments and cemeteries located in successive hills and clinging to each other.
📌 Maymand village in Kerman Province
Meymand is a village in the central part of the city of Shahr-Babak-Kerman. The village is about 2 km from Shahr-Babak. The Cultural Landscape of the Historical Village of Meymand Babak City was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in July 2015 because of the houses excavated in the heart of the mountain. This ancient handmade monument is undoubtedly one of the earliest human settlements in Iran, a time when Iranians were still Mehr worshipers and regarded the mountains as sacred.
📌 Shush in Khuzestan Province
Shush, located in Khuzestan province, is one of the oldest known settlements in the world, probably founded in 4000 BC, though the earliest relics of a residential village date back to 7,000 BC. According to ancient documents, Susa has been one of the most important and magnificent ancient cities of Iran and the world and archaeological activities continue there. This ancient city was registered as one of the national monuments of Iran along with the tomb of Daniel the Prophet and the adjacent hills.
📌 Yazd Historical City in Yazd Province
This province is neighbor with Isfahan, Khorasan Razavi ,South Khorasan, Fars and Kerman province. Because of being away from the country's borders, it has always been immune to cultural and ethnic crises and pressures. Yazd was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site on July 18, 2016, by its pristine traditional architecture and untouched traditional texture. Yazd is the first adobe city and the second most historic city in the world after Venice, Italy. The city of Yazd lies in a wide dry arid valley between the Shirkuh and Khoranagh mountains. Yazd city is known as "Dar al-Abadeh", "City of Windmills" and "City of Bicycles.
📌 Iranian Qanat in Khorasan Razavi and South Khorasan, Yazd, Kerman, Markazi, and Isfahan Provinces
The (Qanats) aqueducts listed in the World Heritage List, are located in Khorasan, Yazd, Kerman, Isfahan and Markazi provinces. The life of these aqueducts is estimated to be between 2,500 and 200 years. The Akbarabad Fasa aqueduct in Fars province is the most water- filled aqueduct in Iran. The aqueducts of Tehran and Ray that irrigated the plain of Varamin were among the most water-filled aqueducts in the world until 30 years ago, but have fallen into disrepair over the past 20 years due to the destruction of wells and the lack of dredging. Gonabad, Iran's deepest aqueduct, which reaches a depth of 350 meters, is one of the registered aqueducts. Baladeh Ferdows aqueduct is also listed as the most engineered aqueduct in the UNESCO list. Yazd aqueduct with a length of ten kilometers and hundreds of wells is another registered aqueduct. The aqueducts were an underground network used for water supply.
📌 Lut Desert in South Khorasan, Kerman and Sistan, and Baluchestan Provinces
Lut Plain, or "Lut Desert", which is commonly called "Dasht-e- Lut", is the first wide desert plain in southeastern Iran, including one of the world's most arid and arid deserts in the world. It is spread among the three provinces of South Khorasan, Sistan and Baluchistan and Kerman. The plain covers about 10 percent of Iran's territory. The Lut Desert was measured as the hottest spot in the Earth's in 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2009, and in 2005 reached a record of the warmest temperature on Earth at temperatures above 70 ° C. submitted. Lut Desert is divided into three geographical units: 1) Northern Lute, composed of sand and sand elements 2) Central Lute, the most amazing part of the Lowland Plain; in which, not only one of the most unique phenomena in the world, the cloaks (natural effects of various forms caused by the mechanism of water and wind and the erosion of the earth), but also enormous masses of sand and hills are created 3) South Lut, with the richest vegetation.
📌 The Historical sight from the Sasanian era in Fars Province
Fars is one of the most beautiful provinces of Iran with many historical monuments and tourist attractions. Fars is a large province with several towns and villages. Most of the ancient monuments of this province date back to the Sassanid era and these are tangible cultural heritage sites listed on the UNESCO World List. By visiting Fars province, you can visit some of the best World Heritage Sites and Cultural Heritage of Iran.
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